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Pernikahan, suatu peristiwa fitrah, fiqyah, dakwah, tarbiyah, sosial dan budaya
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Versi cetak - Dibaca 9691 kali

Apakah Dalam Ijab Kabul Pernikahan Kedua Mempelai Harus Disandingkan?

Karya : Ahmad Sarwat, Lc.

 

tentang-pernikahan.com -

Assalaamu Alaikum wr. wb.

Pak ustadz, apakah dalam ijab kabul dalam pernikahan kedua mempelai harus disandingkan/didampingkan? Atau cukup pihak mempelai laki-lakinya saja dengan wali si wanita? Mohon jawabannya.dan atas kesediaan Ustadz untuk menjawab pertanyaan saya ucapkan banyak terima kasih.

Wassalaamu Alaikum wr. wb.
Asep Sudrajat
Garut, Jabar

Jawaban:

Assalamu 'alaikum warahmatullahi wa barakatuh
Al-hamdulillah, wash-shalatu wassalamu 'ala rasulillah, wa ba'du

Ijab kabul adalah akad yang dilakukan oleh calon suami dengan bapak mertuanya, atau dengan orang lain yang bertindak sebagai wali dari calon istri. Maka keberadaan kedua belah pihak menjadi rukun dari sebuah akad nikah. Namun ijab kabul ini tidak sah manakala hanya dilakukan berdua saja. Syariat Islam mengharuskan adanya saksi-saksi yang turut hadir dan menyaksikan peristiwa tersebut.

Dengan demikian, paling tidak ada 4 orang mininal yang harus ada di dalam majelis akad nikah. Yaitu calon suami, wali, saksi pertama dan saksi kedua. Bila keempat orang itu telah hadir dan ijab kabul telah dilaksanakan, maka pasangan itu telah menjadi suami istri sah secara hukum Islam.

Adapun kehadian orang lain, seperti calon istri sendiri, atau kedua orang tua calon suami, atau ibu pihak calon istri, atau sanak keluarga dan handai taulan yang lainnya, tidaklah termasuk syarat sah sebuah ijab kabul. Ini kalau kita kembalikan masalahnya kepada standart baku dalam fiqih.

Maka dengan demikian, tidak ada ketentuan bahwa calon suami harus didudukkan bersanding dengan calon istri. Bahkan juga tidak disyaratkan harus hadir di dalam majelis ijab kabul tersebut. Dan boleh-boleh saja calon istri sedang berada di luar negeri. Semua itu sama sekali tidak ada kaitannya dengan masalah hukum syariah.

Namun bila semua pihak ingin ikut menyaksikan peristiwa ijab kabul, juga tidak ada larangan. Yang penting adab dan tata etika majelis harus tetap dijaga. Sebenarnya bukan hanya di dalam majelis ijab kabul, namun di setiap kesempatan pun etika dan adab majelis tetap harus dijaga. Misalnya, harus diupayakan bahwa tempat duduk laki-laki terpisah dengan tempat duduk perempuan. Ini adalah hal yang mutlak, sebagaimana adab di dalam masjid, dimana laki-laki dan wanita memang punya tempat duduk yang terpisah. Masalah keharusan memakai tabir penutup (hijab), kita kembalikan kepada khilaf di antara ulama.

Dan karena kedua calon pengantin belum sah menjadi suami istri sebelum ijab kabul dilaksanakan, adab dan etika majelis pun harus tetap diberlakukan. Selayaknya mereka pun harus duduk terpisah dulu, karena mereka masih berstatus sebagai orang asing (ajnabi). Kecuali bila telah selesai ijab kabul yang mungkin hanya berlangsung beberapa detik, barulah mereka resmi menjadi pasangan suami istri. Setelah itu, bolehlah mereka duduk bersanding berdua.

Hal-hal kecil seperti ini seringkali memang luput dari perhatian kita. Padahal sebenarnya masalah ini cukup prinsipil dan tidak bisa dianggap enteng begitu saja. Kita semua bertanggung-jawab untuk membenahinya, meski tetap harus dengan etika yang baik juga.

Wallahu a'lam bish-shawab, Wassalamu 'alaikum warahmatullahi wa barakatuh
Ahmad Sarwat, Lc.

Sumber : www.eramuslim.com


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